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Thailand property tax: Essential insights for investors

Posted by Amaury on February 5, 2024

Dreaming of turquoise waters, delicious food, and a lower cost of living? Thailand calls to many, but before you pack your bags, it’s crucial to understand the lay of the land when it comes to taxes. While not a tax haven, Thailand’s tax system can be quite friendly to expats – if you know the rules.

taxes in Thailand,real estate,taxes,retirement

This article breaks down the most essential tax obligations an expat needs to know about in the Land of Smiles.

1. Understanding VAT and other everyday essentials

Let’s start with the basics. Like most countries, Thailand has a Value Added Tax (VAT) of 7% on most goods and services. If you’re buying property or cruising around in your own vehicle, expect annual property and vehicle taxes too.

2. The 180-day rule: How residency affects your income tax

Here’s where things get interesting. Your tax obligations hinge on your residency status, determined by how many days you spend in Thailand within a tax year:

  • Less than 180 Days: Breathe easy! Income earned outside Thailand generally escapes Thai income tax.
  • Over 180 Days: Welcome to resident life! This means you’ll pay Thai income tax on:
    • Income earned within Thailand (salaries, wages, business income).
    • Foreign income brought into Thailand.

3. Thailand’s progressive income tax brackets

Thailand uses a progressive income tax system, meaning the more you earn, the higher the tax rate. Here’s a simplified look:

Income (Thai Baht)Tax Rate
Less than 150,0000%
150,000 – 300,0005%
300,000 – 500,00010%
500,000 – 750,00015%
750,000 – 1,000,00020%
1,000,000 – 2,000,00025%
2,000,000 – 4,000,00030%
More than 4,000,00035%

4. Taxation of rental income in Thailand

Owning property in paradise? Rental income is taxed at a flat rate of 12.5%, with an additional progressive tax (0% to 35%) depending on your total rental earnings.

5. The real estate taxes in Thailand

Buying property in Thailand? Be prepared for these taxes:

  • Specific Business Tax (SBT): 3.3% of the property value.
  • Transfer Tax: 2% of the property value.
  • Withholding Tax: 1% of the property value.
  • Stamp Duty: 0.5% of the property value (if SBT doesn’t apply).

6. Capital gains and corporate taxes

Good news! Thailand doesn’t have a specific capital gains tax. However, profits from selling assets within Thailand are taxed as regular income. For entrepreneurs, the corporate income tax rate is 20% of net profits, with potential reductions for smaller businesses.

7. Retiring in Thailand? 

Holding a retirement visa? You’re generally exempt from Thai income tax on foreign pensions and income. However, working in Thailand is usually a no-go on this visa.

Disclaimer: This is a general overview, not professional tax advice. Always consult with a qualified tax advisor for personalized guidance.
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